President Obama with Minister Meridor at recent Nuclear Security Summit
Photo: AP
Mubarak. Egyptian pressure
Photo: AP
Ahmadinejad. To participate in UN summit
Photo: AFP

Report: US, Egypt negotiate Mideast nuclear-free zone

Citing unnamed US officials, Wall Street Journal reports White House seeking conference on non-binding agreement emerging from 1995 UN review of Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Initiative could raise new tensions between President Obama, Prime Minister Netanyahu

US officials are in talks with Egypt over a plan to make the Middle East a nuclear-free zone, part of an effort to block the Iranian nuclear program, The Wall Street Journal reported Saturday.


Citing unnamed US officials, the newspaper said the White House wanted to build on a non-binding agreement that emerged from a 1995 UN review of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).


That agreement had designated the region as a zone free of weapons of mass destruction: The aim now was to promote a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone, which would include Israel, the Arab states, Iran and Turkey.


The US administration was also seeking a conference on the subject.


US officials said talks with Egypt would resume in New York in the coming month during the month-long nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference, the paper said.


"We've made a proposal to them that goes beyond what the US has been willing to do before," the Journal quotes one senior US official as saying.


However, US officials stressed that they didn't believe progress in the nuclear-free zone talks would happen without first achieving major advances in Arab-Israeli peace talks, the paper noted.


The United States had also discussed the proposal with the Arab League and other members of the Non-Aligned Movement, the paper reported, quoting Ellen Tauscher, undersecretary of state for arms control and international security.


But this latest initiative could raise new tensions between President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, The Journal said.


Israel has never publicly acknowledged having nuclear weapons, maintaining a policy of deliberate ambiguity since it inaugurated its Dimona nuclear reactor in 1965.


It is not a party to the NPT, which requires international inspections.


US to disclose size of nuclear stockpile?

A new nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty review summit opens Monday at UN headquarters in New York. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is expected to participate.


The Washington Post reported Saturday that Obama would likely reveal the size of the US nuclear stockpile at the New York summit.


Citing unnamed officials, the newspaper said various factions in the Obama administration had debated for months whether to declassify the numbers. But now the administration is seeking a dramatic announcement that will further enhance its nuclear credentials as it tries to bolster the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the paper noted.


According to The Post, the numbers could be released when Secretary of State Hillary Clinton addressed the NPT Review Conference.


Arms-control groups estimate the US nuclear arsenal contains 9,000 weapons, roughly 5,000 of them active and the rest in line for disassembly.


The summit comes as the United States and its partners seek to craft a new UN resolution imposing a fresh round of sanctions against Tehran over its nuclear program.


On Tuesday, Egypt's UN Ambassador Maged Abdel Aziz said that establishing a Middle East nuclear-free zone at the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference was the key to resolving the nuclear standoff with Iran.


Iran denies the charges that its civilian nuclear program hides a covert quest for an atomic arsenal, but has refused to freeze uranium enrichment, which can be a key step towards developing a nuclear weapon.


פרסום ראשון: 05.01.10, 09:37
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