Iran as the highest rate of nose surgery in the world, The Guardian reported Sunday. According to a report in the conservative Etemad newspaper, as many as 200,000 Iranians, mostly women, go to cosmetic surgeons each year to reduce the size of their nose and make the tip point upwards, the British daily said.
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Iranian women who spoke to The Guardian said surgery is a reaction to the restrictive rules of compulsory hijab. "They won't let us display our beauty," one woman said.
"It's human nature to want to seek out attention with a beautiful figure, hair, skin … but hijab doesn't let you do that. So we have to satisfy that instinct by displaying our 'art' on our faces."
Others, according to the report, see it simply as taking advantage of the benefits of modernity.
"Science and technology have progressed, and people can look more beautiful," an Iranian woman told the newspaper. "Why shouldn't we?"
According to The Guardian, the cost of an average nose surgery in Iran is $1,600-3,000, while the average monthly salary is no more than $400.
The newspaper said the number of Iranians paying for work on their stomachs and breasts is also increasing. While exact statistics on such work are unavailable, reports from specialists in the field suggest that only a fifth of these surgeries are for medical purposes, while the rest are purely cosmetic.
According to one analysis, cosmetic surgery is as prevalent in the Islamic republic as it is in Brazil, The Guardian reported.