De Niro, 70, has won two Academy Awards and two Golden Globe Awards, and has starred in 74 films, many of which have become box-office hits, including "The Godfather," "Taxi Driver," "Raging Bull" and "The Deer Hunter."
He is expected to arrive in Israel on a commercial flight on June 17 and stay in the country for 24 hours.
De Niro will participate in Peres' birthday party alongside legendary American singer Barbra Streisand, former US President Bill Clinton, former Soviet Union President Mikhail Gorbachev and Prince Albert of Monaco.
De Niro has visited Israel several times in the past. The last time was in 1996, when he arrived in the country in preparation for a film dealing with the war on terror.
Some 5,000 people are expected to attend the Israeli Presidential Conference, including executives of the world's biggest technology companies, academics, Nobel Prize laureates, artists and past and present heads of state.