The Nazi Social Security Benefits Termination Act comes in response to an Associated Press investigation published in October that revealed millions of dollars in benefits have been paid to dozens of former Nazis who were forced out of the United States. At least four are alive, living in Europe on the benefits, called Social Security.
The legislation would end benefits for Nazi suspects who have lost their American citizenship, a step called denaturalization. US law currently requires a higher threshold - a final order of deportation -- before benefits can be terminated. A companion bill to close this so-called loophole is scheduled to be introduced in the Senate.
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AP's investigation found that the Justice Department used the loophole to persuade Nazi suspects to leave the US in exchange for Social Security benefits. If they agreed to go voluntarily, or simply fled the country before being deported, they could keep their Social Security benefits. The Justice Department denied using Social Security payments as a tool for expelling former Nazis.
Rep. Carolyn Maloney, a Democrat and the bill's main sponsor, said she is hopeful the legislation will be taken up during the current session that will last until a new Congress begins in late January. Twop Republicans joined her to introduce the legislation.
"Our bill will eliminate the loophole that has allowed Nazi war criminals to collect Social Security benefits," Maloney said in a statement. "We should work in a bipartisan and expeditious manner to terminate these benefits once and for all."
The White House and US Social Security Administration have signaled support for denying benefits to former Nazis. The Justice Department said it is open to considering proposals that would terminate the Social Security payments.
The legislation specifically targets individuals who were denaturalized because of their roles in the Nazi persecution or lost their citizenship through a settlement agreement with the Justice Department. The bill requires the Justice Department to notify the Social Security Administration of their identities and locations so the agency can shut off their benefits.
The Justice Department and Social Security Administration also would be required to submit a report to Congress six months after the bill's enactment identifying the total number of individuals found to be participants in the Nazi persecution and the total number of individuals whose benefits were effectively revoked.
The Social Security Administration has refused the AP's request for the overall number of Nazi suspects who received benefits and the dollar amounts of the payments.
The AP in October appealed the agency's denial of the information through the Freedom of Information Act. The appeal also cited several concerns about the Social Security Administration's handling of the FOIA request, including the agency's decision to change the request "in a manner serving both to undercut AP's inquiry while simultaneously sparing the SSA from having to disclose potentially embarrassing information," the Oct. 16 appeal said.