Photo: AFP
Obama on Africa tour
Photo: AFP

Obama starts long-awaited Africa tour at slave port

Almost four centuries after Africans started being shipped to North America as slaves, first US president of African ancestry on Thursday visits infamous embarkation point for those destined for lives in chains

In his first – and, many Africans say, long-overdue – extended tour of the continent since entering the White House, President Barack Obama focused on political and economic issues while also recalling a painful chapter in Africa's and America's past.


On the first leg of an eight-day visit he brought his family to the House of Slaves, a fort built in the late 18th century on Goree Island off the coast of Senegal as a transit point for human beings before they were shipped across the Atlantic. It is now a museum.


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"It's a very powerful be able to come here and to fully appreciate the magnitude of the slave trade, to get a sense in a very intimate way of the incredible inhumanity and hardship that people faced," Obama said in brief remarks.


הזוג אובמה ב"בית העבדים". הבנה טובה יותר של ממדי התופעה (צילום: AFP)

The Obamas at the House of Slaves (Photo: AFP)


"More than anything what it reminds us of is that we have to remain vigilant when it comes to the defense of people's human rights."


(צילום: AFP) 

The Obamas reflect at House of Slaves (Photo: AFP)


Obama's father was from Kenya and his mother was from Kansas. First lady Michelle Obama is a descendant of slaves.


Junius Rodriguez, a historian at Eureka College near Peoria, Illinois, said Obama's visit was a reminder of the "remarkable transformation" the United States had undergone.


האנדרטה לזכר העבדים באי. כיום המבצר הנורא הוא מוזיאון (צילום: רויטרס)

Slave memorial on Goree Island (Photo: Reuters)


"We have moved from a society in which African Americans were not viewed as citizens, in which social, economic equality was not provided, to one in which we could elect an African American president," he said before the visit.


אובמה מפליג לגורה (צילום: רויטרס)

Obama sails to Goree (Photo: Reuters)


Many Africans feel a bond with Obama but have voiced disappointment that he has not engaged with the continent as much as previous presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton.


הזוג אובמה והזוג הנשיאותי של סנגל, הנשיא מק סל ורעייתו מריאם פיי (צילום: EPA)

With Senegal first couple, President Macky Sall, wife, Mareme Faye (Photo: EPA)


During his first term, Obama's only African trip was a one-day stopover in Ghana, and many Africans have been impatient for him to make an extended tour.


"It's a real pleasure for us that the world has advanced enough for a black man to be president of the United States," said Abdoul Aziz Signane, a tailor, purchasing an Obama T-shirt at a shop in the Senegalese capital Dakar.


"כן אנחנו יכולים. תקווה". מעריץ עם חולצה של אובמה והנשיא סל (צילום: AP)

Supporter with Obama shirt (Photo: AP)


"It makes us very proud. That's why I came to buy a T-shirt so I can welcome him and tell him 'We love you Obama, a lot.'"


Obama toured tiny cells that once housed men, women, and children before they were taken in chains through the House of Slaves' infamous "door of no return" to waiting ships.

אובמה מתקבל בדקאר (צילום: AP)

Honor guard receives Obama in Dakar (Photo: AP)


Eloi Coly, curator of the House of Slaves, welcomed Obama's visit. "It's ... an occasion to put the slave house on the map of the world," he said.


Apology Unlikely

Earlier on Thursday, Obama held talks with Senegalese President Macky Sall and met with lawyers and judges at the Supreme Court, kicking off his tour with praise for Africa's democratic progress and a pledge to promote trade.


Upon their arrival on the island, the Obamas were greeted by a group of chanting men as well as women and children dressed in colorful, full-length dresses.


While George W. Bush gave a speech at Goree Island in 2003 in which he called slavery a sin, Obama did not use the occasion to make a big speech. A major address is scheduled for Sunday at the University of Cape Town.


Obama – who visited Cape Coast Castle, another slave port, during his Ghana trip in 2009 – met with civic leaders in Goree before returning to the mainland.

ילדים קופצים למים באי גורי (צילום: AFP)

Swimming on Goree Island (Photo: AFP)


His visit raised the question of whether the time has come for a US president to apologize for slavery.


"The magnitude of slavery is unimaginable," Harvard historian Walter Johnson said. "Can Obama heal that wound with a single speech and with the extraordinary symbolism of his visit as US president, is that going to close the circle? Absolutely not."


An apology is seen as unlikely. A sovereign admission of culpability would open the door to a reparations process, something the Obama administration is unlikely to initiate.



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פרסום ראשון: 06.27.13, 22:59
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