Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing extremist on Nov. 4, 1995 as he was leaving a peace rally held in central Tel Aviv that evening. Security forces immediately tackled the gunman, Yigal Amir, a law student at Bar Ilan University, who shot the prime minister at close range. Rabin, who had been shot twice, was rushed to a Tel Aviv hospital where he died later that evening.
At the time of the assassination, Israel and the Palestinians were in the midst of the Oslo peace process. Rabin was the target of increasing threats from those opposed to Israel relinquishing land, with some religious extremists even claiming that Jewish law allowed for the prime minister to be killed because his actions were endangering the lives of Jews.
Following the assassination, the Shin Bet security service, which is entrusted with protecting the prime minister, came under heavy criticism. The prompted the resignation of then Shin Bet Director Carmi Gillon.
Amir was convicted and sentenced to a life term in prison. Although Israel has the death penalty, which was carried out once on Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in 1961, it is only used in cases of crimes against humanity and does not apply in civil cases.
Rabin's funeral was held November 6 and attended by dignitaries from all over the world, including many from Arab countries. He is buried on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem.