Adolf Hitler listened to Jewish and Russian composers branded "subhuman" by the Nazis, a newly unearthed record collection revealed.
The most surprising find was a Tchaikovsky violin concerto featuring violinist Bronislaw Huberman, a Polish Jew who fled Vienna in 1937 and was declared an enemy of the Third Reich.
Music by Tchaikovsky, Borodin and Rachmaninoff were also found in Hitler's records collection.
The collection was discovered by Lev Bezymensky, a Jewish officer in the Soviet intelligence, who had been ordered to search the Nazi Chancellery after Berlin fell to the allies in 1945.
Bezymensky, took the records back to Moscow where he kept them secret. His daughter decided to open them after his death last month at age 86.
Hitler despised Jewish music as much as he did the Jewish race, writing in Mein Kampf that Jewish art "never existed."