The survey was conducted by the Panels institute through the Panel4All Internet panel among 508 respondents – a representative sample of the adult Jewish population in Israel (maximal sampling error: 4.4%).
Fifty-one percent of participants responded affirmatively to the question, "Are 'kosher' bus lines for haredim legitimate?" Eighteen percent of them offered no reservations, 26% said "only in haredi neighborhoods, and 7% said "only if the women agree to sit in the back."
On the other hand, 47% view the phenomenon as forbidden discrimination against women, and 2% have no opinion on the matter.
An analysis according to religious definitions found a majority ruling out segregated buses in any case only among seculars (57%), but this was the common answer also among traditional Jews (41%).
The haredim are the only ones who almost fully support segregation without any reservations (83%), although this was the leading option also among religious Jews (41%).
Another analysis shows that most men are more tolerant of the bus segregation, viewing it as a legitimate thing under certain conditions (56%), while most women rule it out in any case (52%).
Who should deal with extremists?
The survey's respondents were also asked about the way to handle acts of violence by haredi extremists.
Thirty-seven percent said the ultra-Orthodox society does not wish to deal with them, 33% said it was incapable of dealing with them, 4% believe it is dealing with them properly, and 26% said the Israel Police was responsible to deal with them rather than the haredim. The rest (3%) had no opinion on the matter.
An analysis of the findings shows that most haredim (62.5%) view the police as responsible for dealing with the extremists.
The most common answers in other sectors were that the haredi society avoids dealing with its extremists (44% of seculars) and that it is incapable of dealing with them (34% and 42% of traditional and religious Jews, respectively).
"At the same time, we must launch channels of dialogue and get to know each other better in order to reach an understanding."