Prosor, 53, who has been serving as Israel's envoy to the global body for the past year, will take office as one of the assembly's 21 vice presidents in September. He is the third Israeli diplomat to be elected for the position.
Prosor told Ynet on Friday that the development marks a great achievement for Israel at the UN.
"We are working full force to put Israel on the UN map as a leading and influential state," he said, noting the Jewish state's aspiration to join the Security Council.
Prosor asserted that the election of an Israeli to the senior role could facilitate the promotion of other officials from the Jewish state to high-ranking roles at the UN.
He added that his service as a vice president of the assembly could help Israel impact the global body's agenda in a year that may very well be packed with hot-button issues, including Iran's nuclear program, tension in Syria and the Palestinian statehood bid.
The General Assembly elected Serbia’s Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremic as president of its next session. Jeremic, the first Serb to hold a top UN post, defeated Lithuania’s UN Ambassador Dalius Cekuolis by a vote of 99-85.
“A painful era has now come to an end,” Jeremic said. “Today our nation can proudly stand before the world again.”
AP contributed to the report
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