Islamic Jihad pushed for a response. Over the past few weeks the terror group's leaders have been pressing Hamas to end the unofficial ceasefire with Israel and reinstate the "respond to every targeted killing" policy. So far Hamas has been able to restrain Islamic Jihad, but on Monday, as a result of the civilian injuries, Jihad announced that it would act independently. Hamas had no choice but to join in.
The rocket attacks were a joint Hamas-Islamic Jihad effort carried out, according to a statement co-signed by both terror groups, in response to "continuous and repeated enemy crimes against our defenseless people." The global jihadists who were killed were not even mentioned. Hamas and the global jihad-affiliated groups are fierce enemies, and the Islamist group's security forces in Gaza fight them relentlessly. Hamas deems these terror groups a threat to its rule in the coastal enclave. Moreover, Egypt is demanding that Hamas operate against these groups due to their links to fundamentalist terror groups based in the Sinai Peninsula.
Despite the fact that it took part in Monday's assault, Hamas made certain its response would not lead to major escalation. The terrorists did not fire any Grads, but mostly rockets and mortars that were aimed at open areas and the outskirts of Israeli communities. Hamas has no interest in resuming the fighting with Israel, as it is preoccupied with building relations with the new government in Cairo and trying to prove to the Muslim Brotherhood that it is a stable and responsible ruler. This is why Hamas took part in Monday's attacks, but in a cautious and measured manner.
The IDF also avoided a response that could have resulted in a serious escalation of violence. The aerial bombings in response to the rocket fire focused on open areas in Gaza, causing a lot of dust and noise, but no casualties. Both sides do not want to fan the flames at this juncture. This round of violence has likely ended, but it must be remembered that one rocket landing in the wrong place can quickly lead to a resumption of the fighting, in full force.