Gerhard Sommer is now the most wanted Nazi war criminal after a lawyer announced on Monday that Laszlo Csatari
died last week aged 98 in a Hungarian hospital.
Almost seven decades after World War II,
the hunt for Nazi
war criminals continues and the Simon Wiesenthal Center publishes an annual list of those most wanted.
The main wanted criminal whose whereabouts are unknown is Alois Brunner,
who took refuge in Syria
after World War II. Brunner was born in 1912 and last seen in 2001.
Next in line are:
Gerhard Sommer, Germany: A former German SS lieutenant allegedly involved in the massacre of 560 civilians in August, 1944, in Italy's Tuscany region. Since 2002, he has been under investigation in Germany, but no criminal charges have so far been filed.
Vladimir Katriuk, Canada: The commander of a Ukrainian platoon which killed Jews and other civilians in various parts of Belarus from 1942-1944. He escaped to Canada but was then stripped of his citizenship in January 1999 after details of his past came to light. That decision was overturned by Canadian authorities, however.
Hans (Atanas) Lipchis, Germany: A member of the SS Death's Head Battalion at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp from October 1941 until 1945. Lipschis escaped to the United States, but was deported to Germany in April 1983 where he is under investigation by German authorities for his role at the camp.
Ivan (John) Kalymon, United States: A member of the Nazi-controlled Ukrainian Auxiliary Police from 1941-1944, he allegedly participated in the murder, round-ups and deportation of Jews living in the Ghetto in Lviv, Ukraine. In January 2011, he was ordered deported from the US to any country that would take him, but he still resides in the US.
Soren Kam, Germany: A volunteer in the SS Viking Division. Now living in Germany, where courts have refused to extradite him to Denmark because the statute of limitations has expired on his alleged crime, the murder of Danish anti-Nazi newspaper editor Carl Henrik Clemmensen.
Algimentas Dailide, Germany: A member of the Lithuanian Security Police Saugumas, which arrested Jews and Poles who were later executed by Nazi troops and Lithuanian collaborators. Dailide obtained US citizenship after the war, but that was revoked in 1997 and he was deported in 2004. Convicted by a Lithuanian court in 2006, he was given a five-year sentence but not imprisoned for health reasons.
Algimentas Dailide (Photo: EPA)
Mikhail Gorshkow, Estonia: A former Gestapo interpreter who was suspected of the murder of Jews in Belarus. The United States stripped him of his US citizenship and he fled to Estonia. In October 2011, Estonian authorities closed their investigation against him.
In June 2012, the Wiesenthal Center asked US authorities to investigate Michael Karkoc, who lives in Minneapolis and is suspected of having been the commander of a Ukrainian SS unit that committed atrocities against civilians.
In late July, a former SS captain who is not on the list, Erich Priebke, celebrated his 100th birthday under house arrest in Rome. Priebke was sentenced to life in prison in 1998 for his role in a massacre at Rome's Ardeatine caves in March 1944 that left 335 people dead, including 75 Jews.
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