US President Donald Trump and German Chancellor Angela Merkel tried to sidestep their differences in a meeting at the White House Friday, but their first public appearance was punctuated by some awkward moments.
“Our two nations share much in common, including a desire for security, prosperity and peace,” said Trump at the beginning of their joint press conference.
"I reiterated to Chancellor Merkel my strong support for NATO as well as the need for our NATO allies to pay their fair share for the cost of defense. Many nations owe vast sums of money from past years, and it is very unfair to the United States. These nations must pay what they owe."
“Immigration is a privilege, not a right, and the safety of our citizens must always come first, without question,” he added.
During a photo op in the Oval Office, however, the two did not shake hands before reporters. Trump pushed back against the notion in Europe that his "America First" agenda means he's an isolationist, calling such a suggestion "another example of, as you say, fake news." And he referred to the United States as "a very powerful company," before quickly correcting that to "country."
When a German reporter asked Trump if he regrets any of his commentary on Twitter, Trump said, "Very seldom."
Merkel maintained her composure even when Trump repeated his contention that former president Barack Obama may have tapped his phones in Trump Tower. He sought to turn the explosive charge into a light joke when asked about concerns raised by the British government that the White House is now citing a debunked claim that UK spies snooped on Trump.
"At least we have something in common, perhaps," Trump said casually, In 2013 the German government said it had information that the United States may have monitored Merkel's mobile phone, prompting her to call Obama to demand immediate clarification.
As for the most recent report, Trump said he shouldn't be blamed for quoting a Fox News analyst who had accused British intelligence of helping Obama spy on him.
When the subject turned to economic issues, Merkel attempted to project a conciliatory approach. She said the "success of Germans has always been one where the German success is one side of the coin and the other side of the coin has been European unity and European integration. That's something of which I'm deeply convinced."
Those comments appeared aimed at making a case to Trump on the benefits of the European Union. Trump backed Britain's departure from the EU and has expressed skepticism of multilateral trade agreements.
The two leaders tried to express their common bonds but showed minimal rapport in their first encounter, a departure from Merkel's warm relations with Obama during his eight years as president. At the start of the news conference, Merkel sought to break the ice, saying that it was "much better to talk to one another than about one another."
Merkel said delicately that while she represents German interests, Trump "stands up for, as is right, American interests. That is our task respectively." She said they were "trying to address also those areas where we disagree but tried to bring people together."
"We need to be fair with each other," Merkel said, saying both countries were expecting "that something good comes out of it for their own people."
The meetings at the White House included discussions on strengthening NATO, fighting ISIS, the conflict in Afghanistan and resolving Ukraine's conflict, all matters that require close cooperation between the US and Germany.
The talks, postponed from Tuesday because of a snowstorm, aimed to represent a restart of a relationship complicated by Trump's rhetoric on the campaign trail. As a candidate, Trump frequently accused Merkel of "ruining" Germany by allowing an influx of refugees and other migrants from Syria and accused his campaign rival, Hillary Clinton, of wanting to be "America's Angela Merkel."
During the news conference, Trump predicted that a new health care law would be passed by a substantial margin and "pretty quickly," expressing optimism for his top legislative priority.
The new president reaffirmed the United States' "strong support" for NATO but reiterated his stance that NATO allies need to "pay their fair share" for the cost of defense. Trump said many countries owe "vast sums of money" but he declined to identify Germany as one of the nations.
Prior to his inauguration, Trump declared NATO "obsolete" but has since modified his stance, telling European leaders the alliance remains of strategic importance. Only the US and four other members currently reach the benchmark of spending 2 percent of GDP on defense. Germany currently spends 1.23 percent of its GDP on defense, but it is being increased.
Both leaders pointed to their work on the conflict in Afghanistan and efforts to combat terrorism.
When the topic moved to trade, Trump said the US would do "fantastically well" in its trade relations with Germany. The president has been deeply critical of foreign trade and national security agreements but suggested he was only trying to revise trade deals to better serve US interests, rather than pull back from the world entirely.
Trump said trade agreements have led to greater trade deficits. The US trade deficit with Germany was $64.9 billion last year, the lowest since 2009, according to the Commerce Department.
"The negotiators for Germany have done a far better job than the negotiators for the United States, but hopefully we can even it out. We don't want victory, we want fairness," Trump said.
Merkel emphasized the need for trade deals that fairly benefit both countries. "That is the spirit I think in which we ought to be guided in negotiating any agreement between the United States of America and the EU," she said.
But while the meeting between the two leaders ended on a polite note, Trump turned to Twitter on Saturday, writing that Germany owes "vast sums of money" to NATO and that the US "must be paid more" for providing defense.
Trump added that he had a "GREAT" meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, despite reports to the contrary.
He still, however, reiterated his stance that Germany needs to meet its end of the bargain if it is to continue benefiting from the military alliance. "Germany owes ... vast sums of money to NATO & the United States must be paid more for the powerful, and very expensive, defense it provides to Germany!"