Barak also sent a message to the Swedish foreign minister, saying that he expects the Swedish government to dismiss "the false and outrageous report accusing IDF soldiers of taking Palestinians' organs."
The defense minister stressed that such claims "are not within the realm of legitimate criticism, but rather a despicable false charge which has no place in a democratic atmosphere of freedom of expression and freedom of thought."
Barak noted that he "views the IDF as the most ethical army, and won’t accept libels slandering the army and its soldiers, for no reason."
Sweden's Foreign Ministry on Thursday said a response by the Swedish Embassy in Israel to the Aftonbladet report did not represent the government's stance.
The embassy had stated that the report was "appalling". But the Foreign Ministry's spokeswoman said that "the embassy in Tel Aviv responded in accordance to Israeli public opinion, however the Swedish government is committed to freedom of the press."
Aftonbladet editor Jan Helin said: "It's deeply unpleasant and sad to see such a strong propaganda machine using centuries-old anti-Semitic images in an apparent attempt to get an obviously topical issue off the table.
He accused the Swedish ambassador of "a flagrant assault on freedom of speech" for her criticisms.
Reuters contributed to this report