At least 33 people have been arrested since Sept. 23, a day after a group of people were seen raising the flag, a rare public show of support for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights in the conservative Muslim country.
The public prosecutor announced an investigation after local media launched a highly critical campaign against those who raised the rainbow flag at a Mashrou’ Leila concert, a popular Lebanese alternative rock band whose lead singer is openly gay.
On Monday police arrested Ahmed Alaa and Sarah Hegazy, the latter being the first woman involved in such an incident in years, in relation to the case, their lawyer said.
They were both charged with "joining a group formed in contrary to the law" and "propagating that group’s idea". Hegazy faced a further charge of "promoting sexual deviancy and debauchery" and the Supreme State Security Prosecution ordered them detained for 15 days, lawyer Amr Mohamed told Reuters.
Two men had been arrested earlier in relation to the flag incident but one was released. The remaining arrests were unrelated to the incident but have all been over the perceived sexual orientation of the defendants and came after it.
At least 10 men were arrested between Sept. 28 – 30 and six others earlier that week, judicial sources said. All 16 went on trial on Sunday charged with "promoting sexual deviancy" and "debauchery," euphemisms for homosexuality. A verdict is due on Oct. 29.
One man has been sentenced to six years in jail over similar charges.
Although homosexuality is not specifically outlawed in Egypt, it is a conservative society and discrimination is rife. Gay men are frequently arrested and typically charged with debauchery, immorality or blasphemy.
Those arrested are subjected to anal examinations to determine whether they have had gay sex, which rights groups Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch say amounts to torture.
Five such examinations have taken place, Amnesty International said on Monday. Judicial sources do not deny the examinations take place but say they are legally carried out and are not a form of abuse.
"In a matter of days the Egyptian security forces have rounded up dozens of people and carried out five anal examinations signaling a sharp escalation in the authorities’ efforts to persecute and intimidate members of the LGBTI community following the rainbow flag incident," said Najia Bounaim, North Africa Campaigns Director at Amnesty.