Nakba Day, usually marked on May 15, was inaugurated by former Palestinian Liberation Organization chief Yasser Arafat in 1988 to commemorate the Palestinian nakba—"catastrophe" in Arabic—set to coincide with the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 1948.
In the coming weeks, Hamas plans to set up tent encampments along the Gazan border with Israel, where thousands of the strip's denizens will be housed, with the intention to march hundreds of Palestinians every day—including the elderly, women and children—to the border fence in "return marches."
At the same time, Hamas also intends to hold mass fishing boat protests near the maritime border with Israel. These actions will gradually grow in intensity and culminate just before Israel's 70th Independence Day.
Hamas has presented this planned wave of protests in Gaza as the initiative of private citizens. The tent camps, made up to look like refugee camps, are intended to express Hamas's protest against what the terror group perceives as an American attempt to topple the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA), thereby effectively erasing the issue of Palestinian refugees from international consciousness.
The army's Southern Command is making its own preparations to counter the protest, with one key issue in planning being the participation of women and children in the marches. The IDF fears that any attempt to forcefully prevent protesters from moving forward will cause Israel significant PR damage.
The IDF also fears the possibility of citizens being harmed and back-and-forth around the fence escalating into armed conflict, all on the backdrop of a worsening humanitarian situation and desperation prevalent among the strip's occupants at the lack of progress in Hamas's talks with the Palestinian Authority.