Syria widens assault in southwest, targets area near Golan Heights
As Syrian President Bashar Assad widens his offensive, backed by Russian warplanes, to retake the areas still controlled by the Free Syrian Army and partly by ISIS, his military moves closer to the Golan Heights and the Israeli border.
The Syrian government widened its offensive to recover the southwest on Wednesday, extending it to an enclave held by Islamic State-affiliated fighters as Russian warplanes targeted the area, a war monitor said.
The bombardment targeted the Yarmouk Basin area, which borders the Israeli Golan Heights and Jordan, and which is held by the Islamic State-affiliated Khalid Ibn al-Walid Army.
President Bashar Assad is seeking to recover the entire southwestern corner of Syria in an offensive that got underway last month and has so far recovered swathes of territory from rebels fighting under the Free Syrian Army (FSA) banner.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Wednesday's air strikes marked the first Russian strikes on the Yarmouk basin area in the war. It also said FSA rebels were simultaneously battling the IS-affiliated militants.
Government helicopters had also dropped barrel bombs on the area—containers filled with explosive material, it said.
Assad has so far recovered swathes of Daraa province in the southwest from FSA rebels, many of whom have been forced into surrender agreements mediated by Russian officers. The United States, which once armed the southern FSA rebels, told them at the start of the attack not to expect its intervention.
The Syrian government earlier this week took control of a strategically vital strip of the border from FSA rebels in Daraa province, denying them any access to the Jordanian frontier that was once an opposition lifeline.
Rebels holed up in a besieged enclave of Daraa city are waiting to hear back from the Russians over demands tabled during a meeting on Tuesday, including safe passage to the rebel-held north for those who wish to leave, rebels said.
The Russians told opposition mediators at the meeting they would discuss the proposals with Damascus, an opposition official said in a voice message sent to the Daraa rebels and heard by Reuters.
The rebels had asked the Russians to block further ground advances by government forces towards their besieged enclave in Daraa city, which in 2011 was the scene of the first major anti-Assad protests that spiralled into the civil war.
With critical help from Russia and Iran, Assad has recovered control of most of Syria from rebels seeking to topple him and Islamic State jihadists, though the north and a chunk of the east remain outside his grasp.