US President Donald Trump said on Saturday that Washington would withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty because Russia was violating the pact, triggering a warning of retaliatory measures from Moscow.
The treaty, signed by then-US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987, required the elimination of short-range and intermediate-range nuclear and conventional missiles by both countries. Its demise would raise the possibility of a spiralling arms race.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters on Monday that the US move would make the world a more dangerous place and said Russia would be forced to act to restore the balance of military power if Washington quit the pact and started developing new missiles.
"This is a question of strategic security. Such measures can make the world more dangerous," Peskov said of the planned US withdrawal.
Russian President Vladimir Putin had repeatedly said that the demise of the treaty would force Russia to take specific steps to protect its own security, Peskov said.
"It means that the United States is not disguising, but is openly starting to develop these systems in the future, and if these systems are being developed, then actions are necessary from other countries, in this case Russia, to restore balance in this sphere," added Peskov.
"There was a six-month period for the United States to withdraw from the treaty after Washington gave official notification it was leaving," he said, something he noted it had not yet done.
"That meant the question of Russia developing its own new intermediate-range missiles—something Washington accuses it of doing anyway—was not for today or tomorrow," Peskov explained.
Trump's national security adviser John Bolton is due to hold talks with senior officials in Moscow later on Monday and to meet Putin on Tuesday.
Peskov said Trump's decision to quit the pact would obviously be a subject for discussion and that Moscow was looking for a detailed explanation for why Washington had decided to turn its back on the treaty.
Russia denied US accusations it had breached the treaty, said Peskov, alleging that the United States had been steadily undermining it.
"Putin has said many times that the United States is taking measures that are eroding the conditions of this treaty," concluded Peskov, referring to strike drones and anti-missile systems capable of destroying short- and intermediate-range rockets.