Provocative comments from Rep. Ilhan Omar of Minnesota have thrust the Democrats into an uncomfortable debate over Israel policy a few weeks before a high-profile conference where senior Democrats typically make a show of support for the Jewish state. Increasingly, the rift appears as much generational as ideological, with newly elected Democrats showing less deference to the party line.
Omar became the flash point after she suggested last week that Israel's supporters are pushing US lawmakers to take a pledge of "allegiance to a foreign country." It's at least the third time she has forced older, pro-Israel Democrats who run the House into awkward territory over US-Israeli policy.
Republicans have been happy to stoke the furor, with President Donald Trump calling Omar's remarks "a dark day for Israel" and posting a photo of himself in Jerusalem. Inside the Democratic family, meanwhile, leaders are in a bind, torn between a need to admonish Omar for her comments and their desire to defend one of the first Muslim women ever elected to Congress.
This time Omar is not apologizing. And this time pro-Israel Democrats led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi are not just warning her about the dangers of Jewish tropes. They're expected to offer a resolution condemning anti-Semitism on the House floor.
"Accusations of dual loyalty generally have an insidious, bigoted history," a draft of the resolution reads in part. "The House of Representatives acknowledges the dangerous consequences of perpetuating anti-Semitic stereotypes and rejects anti-Semitism as hateful expressions of intolerance that are contradictory to the values that define the people of the United States."
The text, which includes a history of bigotry against Muslims and blacks as well as Jews, sounds unobjectionable by itself. But the fact that senior Democrats felt obliged to put the House on-record on the topic points to a transformation in the country—mostly among Democrats—about supporting the Jewish state.
In a poll by the Pew Research Center in January of last year, 46 percent of Americans said they sympathized more with Israel and 16 percent with the Palestinians in their Middle East discord.
But Democrats are about evenly divided, with about a quarter sympathizing with each side and the rest saying they side with neither or don't know—and in recent years they have become less likely to sympathize with Israel than they were in the past. Liberal Democrats were nearly twice as likely to say they sympathize more with the Palestinians (35 percent) than with Israel (19 percent). Older Americans were much more likely to say they sympathize with Israel than with the Palestinians, with more division among younger Americans.
Omar, a Somali-American, says that what she is questioning is the influence game in Washington and she worries that anything she says about Israel and its treatment of Palestinians will be construed as anti-Semitic.
"Being opposed to (Prime Minister Benjamin) Netanyahu and the occupation is not the same as being anti-Semitic," she tweeted on Sunday. "I am grateful to the many Jewish allies who have spoken out and said the same."
But Democrats in Congress remain largely supportive of Israel. Pelosi, for example, often attends the American Israel Public Affairs Committee conference in Washington, which is coming up later this month.
Omar on Tuesday got a boost from allies who point out that the congresswoman, too, has been the target of threats and bigotry.
Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez suggested in a tweet that her fellow freshman was being treated unfairly.
"No one seeks this level of reprimand when members make statements about Latinx + other communities," the New York Democrat wrote.
Jewish groups generally said they support the resolution—but.
"We are concerned that the timing of this resolution will be seen as singling out and focusing special condemnation on a Muslim woman of color as if her views and insensitive comments pose a greater threat than the torrent of hatred that the white nationalist right continues to level against Jews, Muslims, people of color and other vulnerable minority groups," said J Street, a nonprofit that says it's a home for "pro-Israel, pro-Peace Americans." The Democrats' strategy, the group added, "plays directly into the hands of the president and his allies, who act in bad faith to weaponize the debate for political gain."
Back home in Minnesota, a collection of elected officials started a #StandWithIlhan hashtag with a statement that reads in part:
"We call on Democrats to stand with Ilhan against Republican efforts to pit Jews and Muslims against each other."
But there also was talk of finding a candidate to challenge her in 2020.
"I firmly believe that her anti-Semitic expressions do not reflect the views of her district's residents," said state Sen. Ron Latz, who is Jewish, lives in her district and has been critical of Omar's recent statements on Israel. "She is rapidly making herself a pariah in Congress, rather than an effective representative for her constituents," he added—"exactly the kind of scenario that would open the door for a primary challenge."
Senior Democrats were standing firmly against Omar's comments, and not for the first time. Earlier this year, she apologized for a 2012 tweet in which she said Israel had "hypnotized" America. And last month, she apologized for suggesting that members of Congress support Israel because they are paid to do so.
That earned her stern rebukes from Pelosi and House Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Eliot Engel, among others. This time, Engel declared that Omar's suggestion about divided loyalties was a "vile" stereotype that had no place on his committee. Republicans, meanwhile, demanded that Democrats throw Omar off Engel's panel. There was no sign of that happening so far.
"I should not be expected to have allegiance/pledge support to a foreign country in order to serve my country in Congress or serve on committee," Omar tweeted.
Michigan Rep. Debbie Dingell said Engel, while upset with Omar's comments, "feels that she brings a different perspective to the committee" that keeps it strong.
"This is a very complicated issue," Dingell said. "There is nothing complicated about being very clear that we must stand up against anti-Semitism."