The data reveal that in the past school year, some 135,000 school teachers were employed in Israel, compared to 103,000 in the previous year, which represents an increase of 32%. The weekly work hours of all teachers increased from 2.3 million to 3.8 million hours over the past 13 years.
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The average number of students per teacher is continually declining across the education system, specifically in Jewish middle schools and Arab elementary schools. However, the number of students per teacher in Jewish schools is far greater than in Arab schools.
For instance, Jewish elementary schools have 11.6 students per teacher, as opposed to 12.8 in Arab schools. The gap is far greater in middle schools and high schools: Jewish middle schools have 8.1 students per teacher, as opposed to 11.6 in the Arab sector, and high school data show a 8.1 to 11.1 ratio. The ratio of students to teachers is even lower in haredi education; however the report does not list these figures.
The CBS report further noted that the number of teachers in state elementary schools has increased in the past 10 years by 13.1%; in religious elementary schools the number has gone up by 21.2% and in haredi schooling the number of teachers has gone up by nearly 60%.
In the same time period, the number of students in state schools has gone up by 8.8%; in religious schools by 19.4% and in haredi schools by 50.9%. Secondary schools saw a decrease of 1.2%, as opposed to an increase of 22.5% in religious schools for the same age group.
In addition, it appears the number of women in elementary schools has decreased in the past 13 years, from 89.6% to 86.1%. However, the percentage of women teaching in secondary schools has increased from 68.9% in 2000 to 73.4% this past school year. In Arab schools, the percentage of female teachers is significantly lower.
In 2000, one in every six teachers in elementary schools was 50-years-old or older. In the past school year, this figure was already applicable to one in every four teachers. In high schools the teachers are older, and some 40% of them are 50 or older. Teachers are relatively younger in the Arab sector.
In addition, CBS data show that 22.4% of elementary school teachers and 41.1% of high school teachers have a salary level of master's degree, or higher, a significant increase since its 2000 estimate.
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