ארכיון, אחמד ג'יבריל
Ahmed Jibril, the founder and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
Photo: AP
Ahmed Jibril, the founder and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command

Ahmed Jibril, founder and head of Palestinian terrorist group, dies at 83

A vehement opponent of peace talks with Israel, Jibril and his PFLP-GC became known for high-profile attacks against the Jewish state, including raids on Israeli jetliners and massacre of school bus passengers

Eyal Arvid |
Published: 07.07.21, 21:31
Ahmed Jibril, leader of a breakaway Palestinian faction that carried out hijackings, bombings and other attacks against Israeli targets in the 1970s and 1980s, has died in Damascus aged 83, his group and Syrian state TV reported on Wednesday.
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command said Jibril had been sick for months and died at a Damascus hospital. It didn't offer details. Khaled Abdul-Mejid, who runs another Damascus-based Palestinian faction, said Jibril suffered from a heart condition.
3 צפייה בגלריה
ארכיון, אחמד ג'יבריל
ארכיון, אחמד ג'יבריל
Ahmed Jibril, the founder and leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command
(Photo: AP)
Jibril founded the PFLP in the late 1950s but broke away over ideological disputes. In 1968, he founded the pro-Syrian breakaway PFLP-GC, which briefly joined the Palestine Liberation Organization, but left the umbrella group in 1974, amid sharp disagreements with PLO leader Yasser Arafat.
Jibril had ties to terrorist leaders such as former Hamas leader Khaled Mahsal in the Gaza Strip and Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah in Lebanon.
Jibril was a vehement opponent of peace talks with Israel. His group became known for some of the more headline-grabbing attacks against Israel, including the hijacking of an El Al jetliner in 1968 and machine-gunning another at Zurich airport in 1969. In 1970, it planted a time bomb on a Swissair jet that blew up on a flight from Zurich to Tel Aviv, killing all 47 onboard.
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ארכיון, אחמד ג'יבריל עם חאלד משעל
ארכיון, אחמד ג'יבריל עם חאלד משעל
Jibril stands next to Khaled Mahsal, former leader of the Palestinian organization Hamas, 2010
(Photo: AP)
One of the group's most notorious operations was the Avivim school bus massacre in which several PFLP-GC gunmen attacked an Israeli school bus on May 22, 1970, killing 12 civilians, nine of them children, and wounding 25 others, one of whom died of a wound sustained in the attack 44 years later.
The Damascus-based group also carried out attacks against Israel from its bases in Lebanon. During Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon, the PFLP-GC captured three Israeli soldiers and negotiated their release in exchange for more than 1,100 Palestinian, Lebanese and Syrian prisoners in 1985 including Palestinian prisoner Ahmed Yassin who later went on the establish Hamas.
One dramatic attack in 1987 was carried out by two of his fighters who crossed from Lebanon into Israel on hang-gliders and killed six Israeli soldiers. The attack was considered as one of the triggers for the first intifada.
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Militants from the Palestinian group Hamas, sit in front of a mural depicting late Hamas leader Ahmed Yassin, as the group's top leader, Ismail Haniyeh, visits at Ain el Hilweh Palestinian refugee camp in Sidon, Lebanon
Militants from the Palestinian group Hamas, sit in front of a mural depicting late Hamas leader Ahmed Yassin, as the group's top leader, Ismail Haniyeh, visits at Ain el Hilweh Palestinian refugee camp in Sidon, Lebanon
Hamas militants sit in front of a mural depicting Hamas founder Ahmed Yassin, Lebanon
(Photo: Reuters)
The group is considered a terrorist organization by the United States and other Western countries.
Jibril's son Jihad was killed in an attack in 2002 in Beirut, for which the group blamed on Israel's Mossad intelligence agency. He was head of the PFLP-GC military wing at the time.
During Syria's civil war that erupted following peaceful protests in 2011, Jibril's group supported Syrian President Bashar Assad's troops. His fighters battled alongside Syrian troops against opposition groups in Damascus' Yarmouk Camp.
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