A visitor views the Sense of Things exhibition at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland

Swiss museum orders experts to review Nazi-era art collection

Announcement comes as renewed suspicions swirl around the Nazi-era origins of one of Europe's most prestigious private art collections as some works believed to have been seized from Jewish owners

AFP |
Published: 12.16.21, 13:36
Experts will review the methods used to determine the provenance of works in a vast private art collection acquired during World War II by Emil Buhrle, a Swiss museum said Wednesday.
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  • The announcement by the Kunsthaus in Zurich came as renewed suspicions swirl around the Nazi-era origins of one of Europe's most prestigious private art collections.
    3 View gallery
    A visitor views the Sense of Things exhibition at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland
    A visitor views the Sense of Things exhibition at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland
    A visitor views the Sense of Things exhibition at the Kunsthaus in Zurich, Switzerland
    (Photo: EPA)
    The late industrialist (1890-1956) amassed a fortune selling weapons to both the Nazis and the Allies during World War II, wealth that helped buy around 600 artworks by the end of his life.
    The Buhrle Foundation itself confirms that 13 paintings bought by the German-born industrialist, who later acquired Swiss citizenship, had been stolen by the Nazis from Jewish owners in France.
    Following a series of court cases after the war, Buhrle returned all 13 pieces to their rightful owners then repurchased nine of them, the foundation said.
    But long-simmering suspicions around the provenance of other pieces in the collection, which includes famous works by the likes of Manet, Degas, Cezanne, Monet, Renoir, Gauguin and Picasso, have picked up steam in recent years.
    3 View gallery
    The extended Kunsthaus in Zurich, home to the controversial collection of Emil Bührle
    The extended Kunsthaus in Zurich, home to the controversial collection of Emil Bührle
    The extended Kunsthaus in Zurich, home to the controversial collection of Emil Bührle
    (Photo: Kunsthaus Zurich)
    The collection was long displayed at a discrete private museum on the outskirts of Zurich, but it was determined it should be moved following a spectacular 2008 heist of four 19th century masterpieces.
    It was decided to move the collection to the Kunsthaus, one of Switzerland's leading museums, which this past October opened a new wing to permanently house the works, setting off fresh debate.
    A recent book by historian Erich Keller called "Das kontaminerte Museum", or The Contaminated Museum, raises questions around the provenance of the works and criticizes a lack of contextualization.
    The Buhrle Foundation meanwhile presented a report to the Kunsthaus Wednesday over the provenance research it had conducted over the past two decades, concluding that there were no indications of problematic circumstances nor problematic provenances for any of the 203 works in the current collection.
    3 View gallery
    Cézanne's Paysage originally owned by a German Jewish couple, forced to flee the Nazis
    Cézanne's Paysage originally owned by a German Jewish couple, forced to flee the Nazis
    Cézanne's Paysage originally owned by a German Jewish couple, forced to flee the Nazis
    (Photo: Getty Images)
    Even though Buhrle conducted business during World War II, "he has not left us a collection of Nazi art," collection director Lukas Gloor told a press conference, according to the ATS news agency.
    The Kunsthaus meanwhile said it had strived to contextualize the collection, including through a historic study by experts at the University of Zurich.
    And in a bid to remove any remaining doubts, it said it had appointed "an independent committee of experts".
    They would evaluate whether the methodology and approach used by the Buhrle Foundation to determine the provenance of the works "were correct and whether the results were presented correctly," the Kunsthaus said.
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