Rabbi Levi Banon and his daughters read a book inside their home in Casablanca, Morocco
Rabbi Levi Banon and his daughters read a book inside their home in Casablanca, Morocco
Photo: AP
Rabbi Levi Banon in his home in Casablanca, Morocco

In Morocco, tiny Jewish community grapples with virus

Chabad-Lubavitch Rabbi Levi Banon says community, which numbers just 1,500-2,500 people coud shrink even further as coronavirus claims more and more lives; latest victim is Rabbi Sholom Eidelman, Morocco's longtime Jewish leader

Associated Press |
Published: 06.06.20 , 13:42
When the phone rang on the second day of Passover, Chabad-Lubavitch Rabbi Levi Banon figured it must be an emergency.
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  • Electronic devices were prohibited during the holiday. Any call must be urgent. It was.
    Rabbi Levi Banon takes a call as he sits in his home in Casablanca, MoroccoRabbi Levi Banon takes a call as he sits in his home in Casablanca, Morocco
    Rabbi Levi Banon in his home in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    Rabbi Sholom Eidelman, his godfather and a longtime Jewish leader in the Muslim country of Morocco, had died after contracting the coronavirus. It was the second virus death in as many days, Banon said. Once again, he left home to perform the funeral.
    There have been many funerals as the new coronavirus - in its early days in Morocco - hit the Jewish community that is merely a shadow of what it once was numerically.
    "There's a lot of old people in the community," said Banon. "That made it very alarming."
    Some days have brought news of more than one coronavirus-related death, he said. One funeral, broadcast over zoom, had two caskets - the deceased, unrelated in life, united in death, both struck down by the virus.
    Rabbi Levi Banon and his daughters read a book inside their home in Casablanca, MoroccoRabbi Levi Banon and his daughters read a book inside their home in Casablanca, Morocco
    Rabbi Levi Banon and his daughters read a book inside their home in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    At one point Banon hosted two kids until their parents were released from the hospital. At another, he comforted a young man after his father died while his mother was hospitalized.
    "We've been hit very badly because we're a family and now we're all working very, very hard to stay confined and to stay separate," Banon said.
    Serge Berdugo, head of the Council of the Jewish Communities of Morocco, said 12 community members died in the country between late March and late April after contracting the virus.
    That's nearly six percent of the 206 coronavirus-related deaths that Morocco, a country of about 36 million, announced as of June 2.
    Like many Muslim majority Arab countries with once-flourishing Jewish communities, the number of Jews in Morocco has dwindled.
    Roy Mittelman, director of the Jewish studies program at The City College of New York estimates it is about 1,500 today, mostly in the city of Casablanca. Berdugo put the figure at around 2,500.
    A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of Coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco,A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of Coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco,
    A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    Jewish presence in Morocco dates back at least two millennia, with a large wave of arrivals later as a result of the Spanish Inquisition, Mittelman said. The community numbered around 270,000 before the 1948 creation of Israel and waves of departures spurred by geopolitical tensions, Arab-Israeli wars and periods of uncertainty, he said.
    In Casablanca, the community that remains is vibrant. The city boasts about 15 functioning synagogues and five kosher restaurants, said Berdugo, an ambassador at-large for Morocco's king.
    Officials and community leaders tout Jewish life in Morocco as a model for Jewish-Muslim co-existence and a testament to Morocco embracing a diverse heritage. They point to renovations of Jewish sites - which attract tourists and others - and a constitutional recognition since 2011 of "Hebraic" influences.
    While "moments of tension" can be sparked by Middle East conflicts, they tend to blow over quickly, said Vanessa Paloma Elbaz, a University of Cambridge research associate who has also been collecting oral histories of Moroccan Jews.
    In the city of Rabat, David Toledano, president of the city's Jewish community of about 100 people, said he lost a "close friend" and a "pillar of the community" to the virus.
    A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of Coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco,A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of Coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco,
    A view inside the David Hemelekh Synagogue, which has been closed since the outbreak of coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    The man, says Toledano, ran Rabat's only kosher restaurant, performed Jewish burial rites and helped at the synagogue, often calling others to make sure they show up for services. "He loved to sing and he loved to lead," he said. "The loss is heavy."
    Why the virus has pummeled the community early on is open to debate.
    Berdugo said he believed infections started at a Jewish wedding in the south which had people coming from France.
    Days later, a Purim gathering at a Casablanca synagogue - meant to celebrate the saving of the Jews from a threatened massacre in ancient Persia - was attended by some guests from the wedding. This most likely helped spread the virus, added Berdugo.
    Banon rejects theories that any one event could have spread infections.
    At a different Purim celebration organized by Jeunesse Chabad of Morocco of which Banon is the director, revelers decked out in costumes for the occasion donned gloves as they danced, he said.
    Alcohol gels were given out and people stayed "more spread out than usual" in a "very spacious and very airy tent" , added Banon.
    The gathering attracted about 400 to 500 people, and was held before Morocco announced a health emergency in late March, restricting movement across the country. "We took all the precautions," explains Banon.
    abbi Levi Banon points at a photo showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman who recently died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, Moroccoabbi Levi Banon points at a photo showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman who recently died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    Rabbi Levi Banon points at a photo showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman who recently died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    It is not only Purim that the virus cast its shadows upon though. Passover was severely effected as well.
    Ordinarily, Toledano hosts young Americans in Morocco to learn Arabic during the Passover holiday.
    This year though, he spent it alone with his wife. Like many in the community, his children left to study abroad and have since started new lives there.
    In Casablanca, Rabbi Jacquy Sebag spent Passover at a hotel after he was released from a hospital where he was treated for the virus.
    In his solitude, he reflected. The bottom line, he said, is to understand that "only the almighty God is driving and leading His world, and to do the best we can do for others; it doesn't matter Jewish or non-Jewish."
    A photo book showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman, third from left, who died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, MoroccoA photo book showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman, third from left, who died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    A photo book showing Rabbi Sholom Eidelman, third from left, who died after contracting the coronavirus, in Casablanca, Morocco
    (Photo: AP)
    Before his passing from the virus says Banon, his godfather, Rabbi Eidelman, was busy planning Passover. He wanted to ensure that the holiday staple known as "shmurah matzah" ( a matzah round, kneaded and shaped by hand) was brought in time from France.
    Born in Soviet Russia, Eidelman had been in Morocco since 1958 as an emissary for Chabad-Lubavitch, an Orthodox Jewish Hasidic movement. For his work mentoring and training others - from rabbis to rabbinical judges to kosher slaughterers- Eidelman became known among students as "the rabbi of rabbis," Banon explains .
    "Rabbis from different countries and a lot of different communities around the world are his pupils," says Banon. "He spent his time working and giving the credit to others."
    There are three Lubavitch households in Morocco, Banon explains, including his and Eidelman's.
    Amid the loss, Banon takes heart in the solidarity of the tight-knit community.
    "We are grieving right now and we're hoping for better days."

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