A Palestinian man walks outside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip

With most Gaza homes wrecked by war still in ruins, smiles for the lucky few

Only 50 of 1,650 houses damaged in 11-day war between Gaza terror groups and Israel are being restored, leading to frustration among Palestinians at slow pace of reconstruction eight months after conflict

Reuters |
Published: 01.13.22, 13:48
Palestinian Zeyad Abu Odah watched with a smile as his four-story house, destroyed in an Israeli airstrike in last May's fierce fighting, was slowly being rebuilt in Gaza's Beach refugee camp.
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  • He is one of the lucky few. Only 50 of 1,650 homes wrecked in an 11-day war between Gaza militants and Israel are being restored, leading to frustration among Palestinians at the slow pace of reconstruction eight months after the conflict ended.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    A Palestinian man walks outside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip
    A Palestinian man walks outside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip
    A Palestinian man walks outside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip
    (Photo: Reuters)
    "When things started to move, we began to feel better. In six to seven months we will return to our house with our children and families," Abu Odah, 60, said, as construction workers put the finishing touches to the first floor.
    Abu Odah's extended family of 50 members has been living in four separate homes since the conflict.
    Gaza officials estimate that it will take $479 million to rebuild homes and infrastructure damaged in the war. Qatar and Egypt have each pledged $500 million for reconstruction in the Gaza Strip, which is run by the Hamas militant group.
    Naji Sarhan, Gaza's deputy housing minister, said only $100 million had been made available so far and that, with Qatari funds, reconstruction had begun on 50 of 1,650 destroyed homes. Sarhan cited Israeli pressures, but did not elaborate.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    A Palestinian man stands inside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip
    A Palestinian man stands inside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during Israel-Hamas fighting last May, in Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip
    A Palestinian man stands inside a house that was damaged by Israeli strikes during fighting last May
    (Photo: Reuters)
    "It is clear the Israeli occupation is exerting political pressure and making obstacles," he told Reuters.
    COGAT, the Israeli Defence Ministry's liaison office to the Palestinians, did not respond to a request for comment.
    Israel, which controls the main commercial crossing into Gaza, has said reconstruction would be linked to achieving a deal for the handover of two Israeli civilians and the bodies of two Israeli soldiers believed to be held by Hamas.
    But in an apparent bid to lower tensions with the group, it recently allowed more construction materials into Gaza to rebuild homes destroyed or damaged during last year's war.

    Lack of Arab support

    Sarhan also pointed at the lack of broader Arab and international support for the reconstruction process beyond Qatar, Egypt and the United Nations.
    "Reconstruction process is slow and doesn't meet our ambitions," Sarhan said.
    Israeli airstrikes partly damaged another 59,000 homes during the conflict, according to Gaza's Hamas-run government. Some homes in Israel were damaged by rockets launched by the Islamist Hamas and by fellow militant groups.
    The United Nations Relief and Works Agency UNRWA, which aids two-thirds of Gaza's two million people, has also helped repair the damaged houses of refugees.
    Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem said the group had conveyed to Egypt, Qatar and the United Nations its displeasure with the pace of reconstruction, blaming it on Israeli restrictions.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    Members of Palestinan security forces stand guard at the closed down Rafah border crossing to Egypt in the southern Gaza Strip, on August 23, 2021
    Members of Palestinan security forces stand guard at the closed down Rafah border crossing to Egypt in the southern Gaza Strip, on August 23, 2021
    Members of Palestinian security forces stand guard at the Rafah border crossing to Egypt in the southern Gaza Strip
    (Photo: AFP)
    "Continuing at this pace means the continuation of the suffering of the Palestinian people and therefore, there can't be a real calm as long as this continues this way," said Qassem.
    Egyptian bulldozers and engineers have begun work in the northern Gaza Strip at the first of three large housing projects funded by Cairo.
    Sarhan said the Egyptian "cities" would house nearly 4,000 families. There was no time frame for when construction would finish.
    The cities would serve low-income people as well as hardship cases and some of those who had lost their homes in the conflict, he added.
    Palestinian officials say 250 people, including 66 children, were killed by Israeli airstrikes on Gaza in May. Israeli officials say 13 people, including two children, were killed in Israel by Palestinian rockets.
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