5000-year-old mass production brewery
5,000-year-old mass production brewery found in Abydos, Egypt
Photo: AP
5,000-year-old mass production brewery found in Abydos, Egypt

Did archaeologists unearth world's oldest brewery in Egypt?

Beer factory found 450km from Cairo apparently dates back some 5,000 years, contains eight huge units that each held some 40 pottery basins used to heat up mixture of grains and water to produce beer for royal rituals

Reuters |
Published: 02.14.21 , 17:47
American and Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed what could be the oldest known beer factory at one of the most prominent archaeological sites of ancient Egypt, a top antiquities official said Saturday.
  • Follow Ynetnews on Facebook and Twitter

  • Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said the factory was found in Abydos, an ancient burial ground located in the desert west of the Nile River, over 450 kilometers (280 miles) south of Cairo.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5,000-year-old mass production brewery found in Abydos, Egypt
    (Photo: AP)
    He said the factory apparently dates back to the reign of King Narmer, who is widely known for his unification of ancient Egypt at the beginning of the First Dynastic Period (3150 BCE- 2613 CE).
    Archaeologists found eight huge units -- each is 20 meters (about 65 feet) long and 2.5 meters (about 8 feet) wide. Each unit includes some 40 pottery basins in two rows, which had been used to heat up a mixture of grains and water to produce beer, Waziri said.
    The joint mission is co-chaired by Dr. Matthew Adams of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, and Deborah Vischak, assistant professor of ancient Egyptian art history and archaeology at Princeton University.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5,000-year-old mass production brewery found in Abydos, Egypt
    (Photo: AP)
    Adams said the factory was apparently built in this area to provide royal rituals with beer, given that archaeologists found evidences showing the use of beer in sacrificial rites of ancient Egyptians.
    British archaeologists were the first to mention the existence of that factory early 1900s, but they couldn't determine its location, the antiquities ministry said.
    With its vast cemeteries and temples from the earliest times of ancient Egypt, Abydos was known for monuments honoring Osiris, ancient Egypt’s god of underworld and the deity responsible for judging souls in the afterlife.
    The necropolis had been used in every period of early Egyptian history, from the prehistoric age to Roman times.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5000-year-old mass production brewery
    5,000-year-old mass production brewery found in Abydos, Egypt
    (Photo: Reuters)
    Egypt has announced dozens of ancient discoveries in the past couple of years, in the hope of attracting more tourists.
    The tourism industry has been reeling from the political turmoil following the 2011 popular uprising that toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak. The sector was also dealt a further blow last year by the coronavirus pandemic.

    Talkbacks for this article 0