The Great Synagogue in Vilnius
The Great Synagogue in Vilnius
Photo: Franciszek Smuglewicz
An Israeli archeologist at site of Torah Ark from a synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust

Israeli archaeologists uncover parts of Vilnius synagogue destroyed by Nazis

Israel Antiquities Authority says the dig, which began in 2015 with an aim to uncover remains of the Great Synagogue of Vilna, has been completed following discovery of synagogue's Aron Kodesh and the Bimah

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Published: 08.26.21, 22:42
Israeli archeologists have uncovered remains of an old synagogue in Lithuania’s capital of Vilnius destroyed by Nazi forces during World War II.
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  • The excavation managed to unveil the Aron Kodesh (Torah Ark) and the Bimah (raised podium) that were part of the famed Great Synagogue.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    An Israeli archeologist at site of  the Torah Ark from a synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    An Israeli archeologist at site of  the Torah Ark from a synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    An Israeli archeologist at site of Torah Ark from a synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    (Photo: Foreign Ministry)
    The dig, organized by Israel Antiquities Authority's Dr. Jon Seligman, announced Thursday the a six-year aimed at uncovering the remains of the Great Synagogue of Vilna and parts of the Shulhoyf, the center of the Jewish community and Torah life of Vilna, has been completed.
    The excavation began in July 2015 with a ground-penetrating radar test that developed into a full excavation and significant discoveries.
    “Just this morning, while sifting the soil in front of the Torah Ark, we found a silver Yad,” the archaeologists said in a statement.
    The Yad is a pointer used while reading from a Torah scroll.
    The magnificent Great Synagogue of Vilna was the oldest and most significant symbol of Lithuanian Jewry. Like most of the Jewish cultural centers in Lithuania, the Great Synagogue was destroyed during the Holocaust.
    Built in the 17th century in Renaissance-Baroque style, the Great Synagogue was surrounded over time by other community buildings, including 12 synagogues, the community council, kosher meat stalls, the famous Strashun library, a complex of ritual baths and other communal institutions that formed a great center of Torah study.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    The Great Synagogue in Vilnius
    The Great Synagogue in Vilnius
    The Great Synagogue in Vilnius
    (Photo: Franciszek Smuglewicz)
    After centuries of existence, with the destruction of the entire Jewish community of Vilna, this important shrine was ransacked and burnt by the Germans during World War II. The remains were later demolished by the Soviet authorities, and a modern school was constructed on the site.
    Seligman visited Vilnius a few years ago as part of a heritage trip, sparking the idea of revealing and discovering what was left of the compound and the synagogue.
    Seligman, Justinas Rakas, of the Kultūros paveldo Išsaugojimo pajėgos, and combined teams of Lithuanians, Israelis and North Americans, worked for six seasons.
    “When we arrived to excavate the Aron Kodesh and the Bimah, from which generations of Jews read the Torah scroll for 300 consecutive years, it became clear, unfortunately, that the core of the synagogue had been greatly damaged by Soviet destruction,” Seligman noted.
    However, two impressive staircases, clearly visible in the many images of the synagogue before its destruction, were discovered and are evidence of their existence.
    The uncovered Bimah included the entire façade of the structure and the complete remains of one of the four huge pillars that supported the roof of the Great Synagogue.
    3 צפייה בגלריה
    Hebrew inscription found in 2019 at the site of the Vilnius synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    Hebrew inscription found in 2019 at the site of the Vilnius synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    Hebrew inscription found in 2019 at the site of the Vilnius synagogue destroyed during the Holocaust
    (Photo: Foreign Ministry)
    The remains of the Aron Kodesh have been renovated with the contribution of the “Yesod” foundation. The foundation also donated the ornate Bimah, which was a two-story structure with four Corinthian columns and eight Tuscan columns.
    The excavation of the Great Synagogue in Lithuania is a joint venture of the Israel Antiquities Authority, the Kultūros paveldo Išsaugojimo pajėgos, the Good Will Foundation, and the Jewish Community of Lithuania.

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